Growing your favorite herb from cannabis seed can have beneficial impact, obviously. This would make you more accessible to the treatment for certain conditions. You get to see the plants and witness its complete growth cycle.
And as you sow, you also reap. You get not just the flowers and leaves for their regarded purposes, but you can also have the seeds to grow another set of plants.
This may not be a complete guide for you if you wish to become a cannabis breeder or just a cannabis enthusiast for personal reason. But this can help you know more about cannabis seeds.
On the note about the cannabis breeder guide, we can have that on Ganjly and you better anticipate for it. At this juncture, we wish to make you familiarize the things you need to know about cannabis seeds.
1. Cannabis is a dioecious plant. That means, female and male reproductive organs are found on separate individuals or plants.
Female cannabis plants are grown in an environment without males to produce what we find in medical and recreational stores: seedless, high potency marijuana flowers, traditionally known as “sinsemilla.”
In order to reproduce, the flower of a female plant must be pollinated by a male plant after which the female flower produces seeds.
Once the seeds are mature, the female plant begins to die, and seeds are either dropped to the ground where they germinate and grow into new cannabis plants the next spring, or they are harvested for processing into hemp seed oil, food products, or to be sown to become the next generation of plants.
2. You can get Feminized Cannabis Seeds
Cultivators apply certain experiments to modify cannabis seeds.
Certain processes to feminize the cannabis seeds by monoecious or hermaphrodite condition in female cannabis plant can vary. Attaining this process can be achieved through these methods:
- By spraying the plant with a solution of colloidal silver
- Spraying gibberellic acid (much less common)
Feminized seeds produce plants that are nearly identical to this self-pollinated female parent plant, as only one set of genes is present. Sometimes referred to as “cloning by seed”, the feminized seeds are intended not produce any male plants. However, most producers of feminized seeds do not go through the lengthy (and costly) process of identifying a completely stable mother plant for seed production.
Most of these feminized seeds can end even up being hermaphrodites. This can result in flowers with seeds in them and reduced yields. Also, there have been reports than feminized cannabis seeds likely produce male plants.
Most experienced growers will not use feminized seed, and they should never be used for breeding purposes.
3. Many varieties of cannabis produce male and female flowers on the same plant.
These varieties occur when these cannabis species are exposed to environmental stressors or left to flower for a longer than normal period. This is known as the hermaphrodite condition, and sometimes these male flowers will produce viable pollen and self-pollinate the surrounding female flowers to create seeds.
It has been disputed that many, if not most cannabis plants are hermaphrodite. But cultivators have become co-creators and have managed to cultivate separate male and female plants to produce hybrid cannabis plants and, in turn, create another generation of cannabis strains and varieties through the seeds.
4. Aside from growing cannabis from seeds, you can also do cannabis cloning.
In similar way in growing several individuals plants, cannabis can multiply through a process called cloning. A clone is a cutting taken from a plant and then placed in some sort of grow medium to induce root production. This is where we apply potting for household cultivation of cannabis. Once it has rooted, it can be grown into a mature plant that is genetically identical to the one it was cut from.
Applying what we learn from botany subjects, what we know about seeds is that they carry genetic information from two parent plants or even in one plant. It is also where we have to familiarize about genetics in which we have to identify the various straits from the mother and father plants or both and then make a combination of these traits to determine the possible traits of the identical or hybrid plant to grow.
Creating identical cannabis plants using seeds is a very difficult and lengthy process. Generally, cannabis producers will plant many seeds and choose the best plant, and then take clones from that individual plant to grow their cannabis flowers. Another process is to simply start with a proven clone acquired from another grower as their mother plant.
5. Know where to get cannabis seeds.
You can find cannabis seeds for sale from numerous online seed banks. They may be found in many of which are located in Europe such as the Netherlands, the UK and Spain, where the laws on selling cannabis seeds are much more lax than in other countries. You may also search for cannabis seed bank in Canada.
Ordering seeds from seed banks from others can be risky especially if you live within the United States. There is always a chance that they will be seized by US Customs and Border Protection. In states that have home-grow provisions in their medical marijuana laws, you may purchase seeds at dispensaries. Seed banks are popping up in many of these states and will often ship cannabis seeds anywhere in the US.
Depending on where you live, it may or may not be legal to sell, purchase, or possess cannabis seeds.
In the United States, all cannabis seeds are considered illegal at the federal level unless they have been sterilized. Of course, all state laws allowing medical and recreational grows are technically breaking these federal regulations, so if you have a recreational grow license or medical recommendation in one of those states and follow the applicable codes, you can probably consider it legal to possess cannabis seeds.
Currently, 8 states in the US have measures for legal medical and recreational marijuana. But to be sure, you have to obtain cannabis seeds where they are legal such as Colorado.