Thursday, June 17, 2021
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A Beginner’s Guide to Growing Cannabis Indoors

With the growing acceptance and legalization of cannabis, there is a growing movement of homegrown cannabis. When it comes to growing cannabis indoors, there are a number of different factors that need to be considered, like the strain you’re going to focus on, nutrients, proper indoor ventilation – the list goes on. When it comes to growing cannabis, it is absolutely something you will have to commit yourself to in order to ensure your plants will survive and you will have a plentiful harvest.

  1. Designated Grow Space

When you first start putting together your plan to start growing cannabis indoors, whether it’s at home or elsewhere, you will want to make sure you have designated a space for them. Once you start the growing process, you shouldn’t move the plants around too much as it can actually traumatize them and they will begin to die. If you do have to move your plants, you can, but you need to ensure they have plenty of time to recuperate when they have reached the new destination. A designated grow space should have plenty of room for your plants to flourish, as a cramped space could be counterproductive to the growth of your plants and damage your harvest.

  1. Choose Your Grow Lights

Once you have situated a grow space for your plants, the next step is to start deciding on which lights you will use for your primary light source. HID, or High-Intensity Discharge, lights are the industry standard, and have proven time and again to be the most reliable when growing cannabis, so this might be the best place to start when you are beginning your own harvest. HID lights might cost a bit more money, but they will provide more light overall than your everyday fluorescent and incandescent fixtures.

  1. Proper Ventilation

When situating an indoor grow farm or something smaller scale, you absolutely want to make sure your plants have plenty of room and sufficient ventilation to ensure they can breathe. If your plants are cramped in a tight space without proper ventilation, they will likely die and you will be left with no crop to harvest when the time comes.

A sure-fire way to provide proper air and ventilation for your plants could be an overhead exhaust fan, for example. There are fortunately a number of different ways to ensure your plants get plenty of air to achieve photosynthesis, you just have to make sure you meet their needs so they can reach the harvest.

  1. Decide on A Cannabis Medium

magicalbutter

Once you have gotten your ventilation figured out, your next step is to figure out which medium you want your plants to grow in. This can be soil, or a hydroponic tray, for example.

  • Soil – This is the traditional way of growing cannabis, and is the most forgiving, which would be best for first-time growers. Any high-quality soil will be sufficient as long as it doesn’t have any artificial extended-release fertilizer.
  • Hydroponics – A hydroponic system is more for the advanced grower as it can be a little less forgiving than soil. This method is soilless from start to finish. This method requires feeding with a highly concentrated solution of mineral salt nutrients that are absorbed directly into the roots.
  1. Choosing Your Container

Much like how your plants need plenty of air to breathe, they also need plenty of room to drain excess moisture, as they can easily get waterlogged if you are not careful. Many first-time growers start out using 5-gallon buckets as this is the cheapest possible solution and has been proven to work until you have enough money to venture into other containers to utilize. The bottom line, you just have to make sure your plants have plenty of room to drain. Before planting your crop, cut into the bottom of your 5-gallon bucket to prevent waterlogging.

  1. Water Your Plants & Feed Them Nutrients

Macro detail of Cannabis flower (sour diesel strain) isolated over black background, medical marijuana concept

Once you have everything else set up, you are ready to start feeding and watering your plants. You will need to make sure you have the proper nutrients on-hand:

  • Nitrogen
  • Phosphorus
  • Potassium

A few other nutrients you will need as well, but not as much in quantity are:

  • Calcium
  • Magnesium
  • Iron
  • Copper

When feeding and watering your plants, you will want to stick to a strict schedule to ensure nothing goes awry with your crop, but don’t overfeed or overwater them as they can be sensitive and these two factors can damage your plants.

Conclusion

Once you have successfully set up your grow room, the last thing you have to do is find which strain you want to start growing, which is the fun part considering there are so many options to choose from. Just remember to take your time, do plenty of research, and take care of your plants as best you can until the harvest. Once you harvest, you’ll be able to sit back and really enjoy the fruits of your labor.

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Scott Briones
Scott was born in San Rafael, CA, home to the high school were "420" was popularized. He has been writing for more than 5 years about the cannabis industry. He loves to race his car and has just fulfilled his dream of racing at the Nurburgring in Germany

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