If you want to grow cannabis effectively, you need to have your own grow facility. The primary goal of having a grow room is to provide plants with an exceptional growing environment that they may not have outdoors. A grow facility will also help your plants get the necessary nutrients and other growing conditions to ensure good plant health.
However, getting started with a commercial grow room means making sure you have the right resources to ensure healthy growth. This is especially true if you’re a beginner in the world of cannabis cultivation. Make sure to know the basics first before you build one.
What You Should Know About A Grow Facility
Also referred to as a grow room, a grow facility is basically a space where plants are grown under a controlled condition. There are countless reasons why a grow facility is being used. Some may wish to avoid the legal repercussions of growing cannabis, while others may not have any alternative to indoor growing.
Plants may be grown using sunlight, grow lights or a combination of them. Because of the heat generated by some high-power lamps, a grow facility may often be hot relative to the range of temperature perfect for plant growth, which may require the use of a ventilation fan.
When growing your own cannabis in a grow facility, there are various options for you in terms of growing methods. The plants may be grown with or without soil, which can be possible with means like aeroponics and hydroponics. Growing in a soilless medium isn’t just cost-effective, it may also help you get a higher yield and quicker plant maturation.
Typically, soilless mixes carry zero percent nutrients, so gardeners need to use the perfect combination of the nutrients for healthy plants. More often than not, rockwool, coconut husk, perlite, and vermiculite are the most used components in a soilless mix, which is ideal for indoor cultivation.
How To Build A Grow Facility
It may seem to be an easy task to build a grow facility. But there are some components that you should never forget about such as how to light the space, provide power, or water the crops.
If you want to make your own grow facility, below are the things you must keep in mind:
Find The Ideal Grow Space
There are several grow spaces you can choose from. Depending on your preferences, you may build one in your basement.
Placing your grow facility in a basement is ideal because it’s typically warm in the winter and cool in the summer. Since it’s underground, the humidity level is high, but you may control it using a dehumidifier. It’s also much easier to mask the smells and sounds of growing cannabis from the outside world because it’s inside your home. Just make sure to seal all your windows for smell and sound concealment.
Another grow space you may consider is your garage, but it can be a little tricky because the weather may cause temperature changes. However, you may just use heaters, ventilation ducts or humidifiers and dehumidifiers to control the humidity and temperature.
All in all, the choice is yours when it comes to your preferred space for your grow facility.
Use The Right Lighting
There are many lighting options available for a grow facility. Some of these may include high-intensity discharge lamps, traditional fluorescent lamps, and compact fluorescent lamps. LED grow lights, in particular, are becoming popular because of their low heat output and low energy consumption.
Basically, different light sources may be required for every stage of the plant’s development. For instance, young plants, seedlings, and clones respond well to fluorescent lamps. But such lamps might inhibit growth once used during the plant’s flowering stage. So, make sure to have adjustable light fixtures and flexible lighting design to increase the productivity and efficiency of your grow.
The cost associated with cannabis cultivation when it comes to lighting may seem to be a big investment, but they’re just a small fraction of the overall cost. Prior to installation, make sure to also calculate the disposal costs, maintenance costs, product lifespan, and operating costs.
Pay Importance To Ventilation
Since a grow facility is a controlled environment, it offers a lot of benefits over other outdoor alternatives. But without proper ventilation, your plants may consume resources such as carbon dioxide and oxygen quicker than they replenish.
Sufficient gas exchange is important for optimal plant growth. Moreover, ventilation is essential to maintain an optimal temperature and ensure excellent plant growth. An advanced grow facility may include air conditioning to keep the temperatures down and for the carbon dioxide to improve the growth rate of the plants.
A grow facility is no doubt beneficial when growing cannabis plants. Whether you aim to have a cannabis plantation or want to ensure that your plants will grow healthy, building your own grow facility is a great choice. Just ensure that it’s equipped with the right features like watering and lighting system for worry-free cannabis cultivation.