Muscle pains are a common problem, with statistics showing that 60% to 85% of individuals experience aching muscles at some point in their lifetime. However, one literature review identifies sore muscles’ primary causes as muscle overexertion, mental stress, and minor injuries, all of which are easy to treat.
Moreover, many individuals use salve ointment to alleviate muscle pain instantly, and herbal salves provide a non-invasive, opioid-free remedy to manage the pain. While plenty of herbal and non-herbal salves exist in the market, many consumers hold that CBD salve from https://organiccbdnugs.com is perfect for aching muscles, and here is why.
What Is CBD Salve?
A salve is a protective ointment such as a balm, cream, or even an aerosol spray applied topically (on the skin) to deliver therapeutic effects. Salves feature one or more active therapeutic agents that protect the skin from infections and keep it hydrated.
Although individuals typically use salves to maintain skin health, one research study evaluating skin porosity showed that the skin is highly porous, facilitating transdermal drug delivery. Therefore, salves serve a dual function, helping tackle skin problems and delivering therapeutic benefits from an active ingredient to the rest of the body via blood vessels.
From the above information, an ointment only qualifies as a salve when it includes at least one active ingredient that delivers therapeutic effects. Therefore, CBD is the primary active ingredient in a CBD salve.
CBD is the primary non-psychoactive compound or cannabinoid in the cannabis species, dominant in the hemp plant, and research shows that it has therapeutic effects. Moreover, CBD products are legal according to the 2018 Farm Bill, which stipulates US citizens can cultivate, produce, and distribute hemp products with THC concentrations below 0.3%.
THC is the primary psychoactive cannabis cannabinoid present in higher concentrations in the marijuana cannabis subspecies and concentrations below 0.3% in the hemp subspecies. However, 0.3% THC has zero psychoactive effects, even among individuals with the lowest THC tolerance known to man.
CBD salves are available in different categories, depending on their cannabinoid profiles. Although CBD is the primary active ingredient in CBD salves, the CBD extract infused into the salve may contain minor cannabinoids, including THC. Below are the CBD salve types available in the market.
- Full-spectrum CBD salve: It contains all hemp cannabinoids, including a maximum of 0.3% THC. Its primary advantage is the entourage effect, defined in one research study as the mechanism by which phytochemicals like cannabinoids work synergistically to enhance their efficacy.
- Broad-spectrum CBD salve: It contains all the phytochemicals in the hemp plant, except THC, so you still get the entourage effect.
- CBD Isolate salve: It contains pure CBD extract without any other phytochemicals, so you do not get the entourage effect.
Besides CBD and other minor cannabinoids, salves also contain MCT carrier oils like coconut oil to enhance CBD’s dermal transportation. Now that you have basic CBD salve knowledge, keep reading to learn its mechanism of action in tackling muscle pain.
How Does A CBD Salve Alleviate Muscle Aching?
Cannabinoids typically induce therapeutic effects by binding to cannabinoid receptors located in the endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is an elaborate regulatory body that modulates multiple body functions, including pain.
However, CBD is unique because one research study shows that, unlike other cannabinoids, it does not bind directly to ECS receptors. Instead, it interacts with neurotransmitters and enzymes, indirectly activating the ECS receptors and delivering therapeutic effects, like pain relief.
The cannabinoid’s analgesia (pain-relieving) effect kicks in when the cannabinoid indirectly activates the ECS’s CB2 receptors found in the peripheral nervous system towards the nociceptive terminal. Nociceptive terminals are nerve endings that pick pain signals and transmit them to the brain for processing.
Once activated, the CB2 receptors reduce activity in the brain portions that process pain signals, reducing muscle pain intensity. Besides analgesia, CBD is also an anti-inflammatory agent and tackles inflammation-induced muscle pain, like delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), experienced after vigorous exercise.
Inflammation is part of the body’s healing process after exposure to noxious stimuli (tissue damage that causes pain). However, it intensifies nociceptive neurons’ signal transmission capacity, increasing pain intensity. However, CBD’s anti-inflammation property counters the release of pro-inflammatory enzymes, reducing inflammatory-mediated neuron firing and associated muscle pain.
Also, as stated above, mental stress may cause muscle pain because one of its physical symptoms is muscle tension. Muscle tension reduces blood circulation to various muscles, impeding their innate relaxation capacity. However, CBD’s interaction with CB1 receptors weakens the activity of neurotransmitters that enhance muscle stiffness.
When and How To Apply CBD Salve
CBD is available in various consumable forms like edibles, tinctures, smokables, and vapes, but one research study shows that CBD salve has the highest efficacy in tackling muscle pain. The study concluded that the cannabinoid has a bioavailability of 34%-46% when administered topically, taking effect much faster than oral CBD.
Another research study on cannabinoid cardiovascular properties concluded that topical CBD is vasoactive, expanding blood vessels in the skin and enhancing its transportation. Its transdermal capacity makes CBD effective in alleviating localized muscular pain, delivering relief within minutes.
Therefore, CBD salve is best administered when you need instant muscle ache relief. Begin by cleaning the affected area and applying a small amount of CBD salve to it. However, the cannabinoid delivers individual-specific effects, so adjust the dosage accordingly.
Although various CBD products exist, the above information proves that salves are the most effective, convenient, and non-invasive solution to aching muscles. However, note that not all CBD salves are made equal, so research the best CBD products, selling high-quality, lab-tested salves.