If you’re getting ready to start your journey into growing cannabis, you’re probably looking at some of the fundamentals, like the equipment, lighting, and heating. No doubt you have a lot of questions about types of growing setups, the equipment you need, and how to actually go about it. One of the things that many first-time growers spend a lot of time on is choosing their cannabis seeds. Let’s take a quick look at the factors you should look for when it comes time to choose cannabis seeds to grow.
Spotting a Healthy Seed
You can read reviews like this one on the pros and cons of different seeds sellers and the quality of their seeds and what they offer the buyers. The most important thing is that their seeds are healthy.
There are a few things you can look for visually when buying healthy seeds, which will give you the best chance of healthy germination. In general, seeds should be dark brown and tear-drop shaped, though some might have some striping or splotches of darker or lighter colors, depending on whether it’s a Sativa or Indica strain. Ideally, you want to avoid seeds that are of a pale color or green. If the shell is cracked or damaged, or if the seed is soft, avoid it.
Male or Female Seeds
One of the most important things to check is if your seeds are male or female. When you buy seeds, you’ll often see them sorted and sold as either regular seeds or feminized seeds. Most growers will want to aim to try and plant as many female seeds as they can, as these are the ones that produce those resin-secreting buds that are so desired by growers. Female plants that aren’t pollinated make the best cannabis, so ideally, you’ll want to either buy only female seeds (usually referred to as feminized seeds) or you’ll want to quickly separate your male and female plants.
There are some downsides to using feminized seeds, like the chance to grow hermaphrodite plants, so purists will prefer to plant them and see what grows. If you want your plants to produce seeds, you’ll need male plants for pollination because only pollinated plants produce seeds.
Indica or Sativa
There are a lot of different cannabis strains, but there are two main ones that these strains are derived. Different strains not only carry different effects and potency, but they’ll be better suited for different growing methods and locations.
The two main types of cannabis plants are Indica and Sativa, and both have very different effects. Sativa plants have a higher yield and users report that they get a generally increased feeling of creativity and energy, while Indica produces fewer buds and is known for the mellow high that helps reduce feelings of anxiety and inflammation. Indica strains also have the effect of making users sleepy and tired. Hybrid plants also exist, though they usually have a dominant strain.
Choosing an Individual Strain
When it comes to choosing a specific seed, try and choose one that will suit both your skill level as a grower and the desired effects of use. A mistake first-time growers often make is looking for a strain with a high THC content that is difficult to grow successfully or requires specialized equipment and knowledge. If you’re starting out, choose seeds that are good for beginners. Once you’ve got some experience, you can easily try something a bit more challenging.
Growing cannabis from seed requires you to learn a lot about the plant and how to get the best results from your chosen seed. It’s not difficult to do if you choose the right strain and spend some time reading about the process of growing from seed to plant.